In the Beginning....
The Early Quicksalls
by Laura Quicksall Hanks
Taken from a transcript entitled "Quicksalls" (c) 1988
Pronunciation of the Surname
Based on numerous researched records, the correct pronunciation of Quicksall
may be Quick-sill or Quick-sell which was the way it was pronounced by the
grandparents of today's older generation. As if phonetically written, the
surname is found recorded as Quicksale, Quicksail, Quixall, Quicksill, Quicksil,
Quicksell, Quicksel, Sucksel, etc. The prevalent spelling of all records in
Quicksall and is also written as such in the earliest documents on file. Thus,
it can be concluded the correct spelling is Quicksall. Today, the name is
pronounced Quick-saw by most.
Settling in America
In 1677, 230 Quakers of London and Yorkshire Counties/Shires in England came
to America and founded a settlement in New Jersey which became known as
Burlington. William Quicksall, linen-weaver, established in the area sometime
after that and is thought to have immigrated from Sheffield, England.
From records, during the 6th month of 1689 (August according to old dates),
William Quicksall of Chesterfield purchased 300 acres on Crosswicks Creek. He
built a cabin on his tract of land and since it was the custom in those days to
designate a home place with a title, he named it "Boulones."
Between the years of 1689 and 1695, several land dealings were recorded
concerning William Quicksall of Boulones.
William of Boulones and his wife, Mary, had four sons and one daughter:
Joseph (1698), William (1700), John (1902), Joshua (1704), and Sarah (1706). For
some reason, William by-stepped his sons and made daughter Sarah the
administrator of his will dated August 28, 1728. She declined on August 21,
1736, and requested that her brother John be appointed. The will was proved
January 6, 1740. William of Boulones died before the birth of his grandson who
later fought for the colonies' independence from Great Britain.
During the American Revolution, John Quicksall, Jr. (1741-1783), Quaker of
Burlington, organized, at the dismay of his father and financed at his own
expense, 100 men to fight in the war. Being elected as Captain by his men, Capt.
John Quicksall Jr. received his commission on August 26, 1775, and his organized
company was incorporated into the First Regiment of Burlington County
Volunteers. Capt. Quicksall served gallantly under Gen. George Washington and at
the close of the war, was honourably mustered out.
There were several major battles in and around New Jersey during the
Revolutionary War and by reason, however, of the hardships endured, Capt. John
Quicksall, Jr.'s health suffered. He lived but a short while to enjoy the
liberty which he so nobly and generously helped to win. His death occurred on
October 10, 1783, and his pregnant wife who had been left with four young
children also died shortly afterwards, apparently in childbirth or complications
of childbirth. The Captain's heavy war debt was cleared by his proud and honorable
father according to his father's will. John Quicksall, Sr.'s will dated October
30, 1783, mentioned his widowed daughter-in-law and her four children, but then
a codicil was added March 22, 1784, probably because of the daughter-in-law's
sudden death, "Land in Nottingham near
Assanjunk to pay debts of son John, deceased."
After the deaths of Capt. John Quicksall, Jr., of the Revolutionary War, in
1783 and his wife in early 1784, John Hunt, the father -in-law, took the
orphaned Quicksall children to Kentucky. The three Quicksall Girls, Sarah,
Elizabeth, and baby Mary, married Kentucky men. The two Quicksall boys, Aaron
and John, left Kentucky and went back to their home state and married New Jersey
After the American Revolution, Quicksall migration flowed from the New Jersey
area. At present, documents have not been located to show Quicksalls living in
Virginia before 1790, but in the book, Historical Register of Virginians in
the Revolution, Adam Quicksnell (Quicksell) is listed as being from
Alleghany County. In 1802, Rev. Jonathan Erastus Quicksall does appear in the state.
It is not known of where he came from. (It was
later determined that he immigrated to Virginia from England by way of France).